Healthy Vending Machines
in Schools! > posted 01.03.12
In order to combat the childhood obesity epidemic, the food
that children have access to in vending machines at schools and
other public venues has been under heavy scrutiny. This has led
to the creation of a number of positive enterprises that give
school children organic, low fat, low sugar, fresh and
nutritious snack items; www.thelunchbox.org/community/lunchbox/2011/12/20/vending-machines-go-healthy-and-organic.
to our Healthy Vending Policy
The National Policy & Legal Analysis Network to Prevent
Childhood Obesity (NPLAN), a project of Public Health Law &
Policy (PHLP) has developed several products to promote healthy
vending in schools and school districts and to restrict food and
beverage advertising in schools. These and other resources
are available on the NPLAN Website,
www.nplanonline.org. Downloads are available to all
Healthy Vending > updated 12.10.10
Food and Beverage Advertising in Schools
Below are fact
sheets (in PDF format) to facilitate the school vending contract
negotiation process are available at
The Bay Area (BANPAC) and San Diego/Imperial Regional Nutrition
Networks have successfully empowered individuals to advocate for
healthier vending machines. In the Bay Area, three
Santa Clara) and two cities (Berkeley and San Jose) have
passed vending machine policies, and two others are in process.
In spring 2006, the
County of San Diego Department of Parks and Recreation
passed a 100% healthy vending machine policy for all sites.
Below are tools to help you give
background information to key stakeholders in changing vending
Chula Vista Healthy Vending Article (Elected Official Handout)
North Carolina Healthy Vending Policy Fact Sheet
Healthy Vending Machine Literature Review
The following are tools to help you strategize as you begin to
develop your policy.
Logic model: A schematic overview of the entire process.
Strategies: 5 key strategies for developing your policy
Potential Challenges (coming soon) / Lessons Learned
Key Steps and Lessons Learned
Contra Costa County
San Diego County
San Francisco Unified School District
Santa Clara County
In order to develop a sound policy, the following should be
assessed: 1) current status of vending machines in the
organization/community 2) opinions and receptivity of key
players to healthy vending, including vending machine users.
These assessments help to determine what needs to change and
where the change can happen. A set of realistic,
achievable goals can then be developed to meet the health needs
of the organization/community. The list below consists of
a combination of assessment tools that have been useful in past
successful healthy vending initiatives.
Vending Machine Assessment Tool - English
Vending Machine Assessment Tool - Spanish
3. Focus groups: Focus groups are
valuable in helping gauge the kind of changes that the community
is ready for. They also bring to light issues about vending
that may not be identified through the
vending machine assessment tool. Finally, focus groups are a
good means of publicizing the
movement for healthy vending.
Focus Group Script for community members
Focus Group Script for decision makers
Focus Group Results
4. Key Informant interviews with
successful policy developers, another tool to explore challenges
Interview Script (successful policy developers)
Electricity use document: This
document demonstrates the cost of operating vending machines so
you may factor in electrical costs when calculating profits.
Effective communication with vendors and customers is crucial
for successfully implementing a healthy vending policy.
Customers can also be encouraged to make the healthier choice
through various methods of outreach and education. Surveys
and taste tests serve the dual purpose of educating the public
on healthier vending and providing feedback on the selection of
healthy options. The list of vendors and their healthy options
below is intended as a useful resource but is certainly not
1. Vendors and healthy food selection
Sample lists of food
Vending companies with healthy options
2. Getting customers to make the
Customer Survey and
Customer Survey Results
Taste tests and on-site education
Nutrition Education Explanation
Smart Snacks Poster
Process evaluation and process monitoring provide valuable
feedback that aid in refining and sustaining implementation of
the policy. Outcome evaluation will help determine the
efficacy of the implemented policy.
Educational survey: Can be used to track changes in
peoples knowledge and attitude towards
healthier vending choices.
Vending Machine Assessment Tool (English
reassessment of the vending
machines provides both accountability and a way to measure
efficacy of implementation.
1. Sample policies
City of Berkeley policy
Contra Costa County policy
San Jose policy
Healthy Vending Machine Resource List: A list of contacts
who offer help in specific areas.
What are SB 12 and SB 965?
4. Link to CA Center of Public